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Graphic says "No More Hate" with a hand emoji indicating 'stop'.

What is Hate Crime?

by Alison Cornmell

A hate crime is when someone commits a crime against you because of your disability, sex, age, race, religion, gender identity, sexual orientation, or any other perceived difference.

It doesn’t always include physical violence and hate incidents / crimes may include the following, although this list is not comprehensive or exhaustive:

  • Providing or offering offensive literature
  • Damage to property
  • Assault
  • Verbal abuse and threats
  • Malicious phone calls
  • Threatening behaviour
  • Arson
  • Jokes
  • Graffiti & fly posting
  • Social Media posts

If it happens to you, you might be tempted to shrug it off. But if you report the hate crime, Merseyside Police can investigate and stop it from getting worse – either for you or someone else.

Hate crimes and hate incidents
In most crimes it is something the victim has in their possession or control that motivates the offender to commit the crime. With hate crime it is ‘who’ the victim is, or ‘what’ the victim appears to be that motivates the offender to commit the crime.

A hate incident is any incident which the victim, or anyone else, thinks is based on someone’s prejudice towards them because of their disability, sex, age, race, religion, transgender identity, sexual orientation, or any other perceived difference.

Although, not all hate incidents will amount to criminal offences, it is equally important that these are reported and recorded by the police.

Evidence of the hate element is not a requirement. You do not need to personally perceive the incident to be hate related. It would be enough if another person, a witness or even a police officer thought that the incident was hate related.

Types of hate crime
Hate crime can fall into one of three main types: physical assault, verbal abuse and incitement to hatred.

Physical assault
Physical assault of any kind is an offence. If you’ve been a victim of physical assault you should report it. Depending on the level of the violence used, a perpetrator may be charged with common assault, actual bodily harm or grievous bodily harm.

Verbal abuse
Verbal abuse, threats or name-calling can be a common and extremely unpleasant experience for minority groups.

Victims of verbal abuse are often unclear whether an offence has been committed or believe there is little they can do. However, there are laws in place to protect you from verbal abuse.

Even if you don’t know who verbally abused you, the information could still help Merseyside Police to improve how they police the area where the abuse took place.

Incitement to hatred
The offence of incitement to hatred occurs when someone acts in a way that is threatening and intended to stir up hatred. That could be in words, pictures, videos, music, and includes information posted on websites.

Hate content may include:

  • Messages calling for violence against a specific person or group
  • Web pages that show pictures, videos or descriptions of violence against anyone due to their perceived differences
  • Chat forums where people ask other people to commit hate crimes against a specific person or group